LAB Work

Various lab tests are available to examine changes in genes, chromosomes, or proteins at S.M. HADI GDPC. When choosing the right test, a doctor will evaluate several criteria, including the suspected ailment or disorders and the genetic variants often linked with those conditions. A test that looks at multiple genes or chromosomes may be done if a diagnosis is ambiguous. A more targeted test may be performed if a particular issue is suspected.

Blood Tests, swab tests and spinal fluid tests are also available to diagnose different genetic diseases and non-genetic defects.

Diagnostic testing is a procedure used to determine the cause. If you experience symptoms of an illness that might be caused by genetic alterations, sometimes known as altered genes, genetic testing can determine if you have the ailment.

Testing of the carrier. You may opt to receive genetic testing before having children if you have a family history of a genetic illness, such as sickle cell anemia or thalassemia, or if you belong to an ethnic group with a high risk of a particular genetic disorder.

Prenatal testing determines the health of anomalies in your baby’s DNA if you’re pregnant. Down syndrome and trisomy 18 syndromes are two genetic abnormalities often tested for during pregnancy. Traditionally, this has been done by looking for blood indicators or invasive tests like amniocentesis. A newer technique known as cell-free DNA testing examines a baby’s DNA via a blood test performed on the mother.

Screening of newborns. The most prevalent form of genetic testing is this. This test, also known as preimplantation genetic diagnosis, may be used to help you create a child via in vitro fertilization. Genetic abnormalities are checked on the embryos. To achieve pregnancy, normal embryos are put in the uterus.

Gene expression assays examine which genes are switched on (expressed) in various cell types. When a gene is switched on (active), the cell uses the instructions in the gene to manufacture a molecule called mRNA, which is then utilized as a blueprint to construct proteins. To detect which genes are active, gene expression assays look at the mRNA in cells. Over expression or under expression of certain genes might indicate the presence of certain hereditary illnesses, such as cancer.

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